Chibana was an Okinawan martial artist who developed Shorin-ryu karate based on what he had learned from Anko Itosu.

Chibana was the last of the pre-World War karate masters, also called the "Last Warrior of Shuri." He was the first to establish a Japanese ryu name for an Okinawan karate style, calling Itosu's karate "Shorin-Ryu" (or "the small forest style") in 1928.